Yes, men should take prenatal vitamins! A great option for future dads is to take a male fertility health multivitamin supplement. For men who are preparing, just starting to try to conceive, or experiencing fertility challenges, fertility multivitamin supplements for men help promote vibrant health to support your fertility goals.

What are male fertility health supplements?

Male fertility supplements are usually a combination of vitamins and herbs. The best male fertility supplements are specially formulated to give men a complete blend of herbs, antioxidants, and a methylated multivitamin to support your fertility journey.

Dads-to-be can use fertility vitamins and supplements to support healthy sperm count, motility, and morphology, support testosterone levels, and help maintain overall health. (1)

Ideally, you start taking fertility supplements three months before you and your partner plan to conceive. While you produce semen daily, it takes about 64 days to fully regenerate sperm. During this regeneration period, it’s important your sperm develop in a healthy nutrient-dense environment. (2, 3)

Your diet quality and lifestyle factors affect your sperm count, sperm motility, sperm DNA integrity, and sperm morphology. Male fertility supplements help fill any nutritional gaps, providing you with the vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients you need to support healthy sperm development. (1)


Essential male fertility health supplement ingredients

It’s important your male fertility supplement contains these essential ingredients:

1. Folate

Folate is a B vitamin necessary for DNA synthesis, brain health, energy production, and more. Recent research shows supplementation with zinc and folate may have a positive impact on semen quality and may improve natural fertility and success rates with fertility treatment. (4) Make sure your fertility supplement contains methylfolate, the active form of folate found naturally in your body.

2. Omega-3 fatty acids

Supplementing with omega-3 fatty acids may support a higher sperm count and improved sperm motility and morphology. Studies indicate that EPA and DHA supplementation with fatty acids significantly increases sperm motility and DHA concentration in semen. It can be challenging to get enough omega-3s from diet alone, especially for vegans, in which case supplementation may help make up this gap. (5)

3. Vitamin C

Vitamin C supplementation may improve sperm motility, sperm count, and sperm morphology. This essential antioxidant contributes to healthy sperm by protecting the sperm’s DNA from free radical damage. Vitamin C is found in abundant quantities in the semen of fertile men. Research indicates vitamin C supplementation may improve semen quality and chances for conception. (6)

4.  Vitamin E

Research shows that vitamin E may improve sperm motility and men who took vitamin E supplements for three months were more likely to reach their fertility goals. As essential antioxidants, vitamins E and C may work together to improve sperm function since vitamin C functions to regenerate vitamin E. This fat-soluble vitamin may also protect the sperm’s cell membrane from damage. (7)

5. Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays many important roles including regulating the immune system, improving muscular function, and supporting mood. Vitamin D is also essential for male androgen (testosterone) status and male reproduction. In a recent study, men with normal vitamin D levels had better sperm motility than vitamin D deficient men. (8, 9)

6. Selenium

Selenium is a trace mineral that functions as an antioxidant, protecting tissues and DNA from oxidative damage. Studies show that selenium supplements may increase sperm motility and when combined with vitamin E, decrease free radical damage. (10, 11)

7. L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine is an amino acid derivative with important roles in supporting sperm health, including initiating sperm motility, promoting sperm maturation, enhancing sperm fertilizing, and protecting sperm from oxidative damage. (12)

8. Maca root

The maca plant has been recognized for its potential health benefits for over 2,000 years. The maca root of this ancient plant contains amino acids, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Maca root is believed to support male fertility health and libido. Studies are ongoing to determine its impact on sperm motility and sperm count. (13, 14)

9.  Zinc

Zinc is an essential trace mineral with a role in sperm formation, count, and motility and testosterone levels and metabolism. Research findings indicate zinc is essential for male fertility health. (15)

10. Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant used to support cell growth and maintenance. Coenzyme Q10 is widely researched for its potential role in improving sperm count, motility, and morphology. (16)


How lifestyle affects male fertility health

Researchers and doctors agree that lifestyle habits play a large role in male fertility and sperm health. (17)

When you’re trying to conceive, keep in mind these lifestyle habits:

    • Limit your alcohol intake

Heavy drinking may reduce testosterone production, lower sperm production, and cause impotence. (17)

    • Don’t smoke

Smoking cigarettes lowers sperm counts and motility and the chemicals in cigarettes may damage the genetic material of sperm. (18)

    • Eat a nutrient-dense diet

Focus on a healthy balanced diet featuring plenty of vegetables and fruit. These foods contain folate and antioxidants, which can help support beneficial sperm health. Additionally, avoid soy products, because soy can lower sperm count. (17, 19)

    • Move your body

Regular physical activity helps with stress management, maintaining a healthy body weight, and increasing antioxidant enzyme levels. Stress may impact the hormones required to produce sperm. A high body mass index (BMI) may be linked to a low sperm count and decreased sperm movement. (17)

    • Limit toxin exposure

Do your best to avoid exposure to toxins, including lead and pesticides. Toxins can affect sperm quality and quantity. Always wear safety equipment when handling chemicals. (17)

    • Do not overheat

High scrotal temperature may impact your sperm production. Try to wear loose-fitting underwear, avoid holding your laptop on your lap, and do not use saunas or hot tubs. (17)

Focus on the things you can control, including eating a healthy diet, managing your stress, getting daily exercise – and taking a daily male fertility health supplement to help support your fertility goals.


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(2) 6 Supplements Men Can Take for Stronger, Healthier Sperm (Accessed November 17, 2022)

(3) How Long Does It Take for Sperm to Regenerate? What to Expect (Accessed November 17, 2022)

(4) Suriya Jahan R, Shakeela Ishrat, Rupa Shamima Bashar, Marufa Hossain, Sumaiya Akter, Chalontika Rani. Zinc and Folate Supplement Improves Semen Quality: A Prospective Study in Subfertile Males. Scholars International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2021 April 21. DOI: 10.36348/sijog.2021.v04i04.010.

(5) Safarinejad MR, Safarinejad S. The roles of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in idiopathic male infertility. Asian J Androl. 2012 Jul;14(4):514-5. doi: 10.1038/aja.2012.46. Epub 2012 Jun 4. PMID: 22659579; PMCID: PMC3720081.

(6) Akmal M, Qadri JQ, Al-Waili NS, Thangal S, Haq A, Saloom KY. Improvement in human semen quality after oral supplementation of vitamin C. J Med Food. 2006 Fall;9(3):440-2. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2006.9.440. PMID: 17004914.

(7) Ahmadi S, Bashiri R, Ghadiri-Anari A, Nadjarzadeh A. Antioxidant supplements and semen parameters: An evidence based review. Int J Reprod Biomed. 2016 Dec;14(12):729-736. PMID: 28066832; PMCID: PMC5203687.

(8) Pilz S, Frisch S, Koertke H, Kuhn J, Dreier J, Obermayer-Pietsch B, Wehr E, Zittermann A. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on testosterone levels in men. Horm Metab Res. 2011 Mar;43(3):223-5. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1269854. Epub 2010 Dec 10. PMID: 21154195.

(9) Wehr E, Pilz S, Boehm BO, März W, Obermayer-Pietsch B. Association of vitamin D status with serum androgen levels in men. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2010 Aug;73(2):243-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2009.03777.x. Epub 2009 Dec 29. PMID: 20050857.

(10) Selenium (Accessed November 17, 2022)

(11) Hawkes WC, Turek PJ. Effects of dietary selenium on sperm motility in healthy men. J Androl. 2001 Sep-Oct;22(5):764-72. PMID: 11545288.

(12) Aliabadi E, Soleimani Mehranjani M, Borzoei Z, Talaei-Khozani T, Mirkhani H, Tabesh H. Effects of L-carnitine and L-acetyl-carnitine on testicular sperm motility and chromatin quality. Iran J Reprod Med. 2012 Mar;10(2):77-82. PMID: 25242977; PMCID: PMC4163266.

(13) 4 Benefits of Maca Root (and Potential Side Effects) (Accessed November 17, 2022)

(14) Melnikovova I, Fait T, Kolarova M, Fernandez EC, Milella L. Effect of Lepidium meyenii Walp. on Semen Parameters and Serum Hormone Levels in Healthy Adult Men: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:324369. doi: 10.1155/2015/324369. Epub 2015 Sep 1. PMID: 26421049; PMCID: PMC4569766.

(15) Fallah A, Mohammad-Hasani A, Colagar AH. Zinc is an Essential Element for Male Fertility: A Review of Zn Roles in Men's Health, Germination, Sperm Quality, and Fertilization. J Reprod Infertil. 2018 Apr-Jun;19(2):69-81. PMID: 30009140; PMCID: PMC6010824.

(16) Alahmar AT. The impact of two doses of coenzyme Q10 on semen parameters and antioxidant status in men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. Clin Exp Reprod Med. 2019 Sep;46(3):112-118. doi: 10.5653/cerm.2019.00136. Epub 2019 Aug 14. PMID: 31408928; PMCID: PMC6736512.

(17) Healthy Sperm: Improving Your Fertility (Accessed November 17, 2022)

(18) Smoking and Fertility (Accessed November 17, 2022)

(19) Chavarro JE, Toth TL, Sadio SM, Hauser R. Soy food and isoflavone intake in relation to semen quality parameters among men from an infertility clinic. Hum Reprod. 2008 Nov;23(11):2584-90. doi: 10.1093/humrep/den243. Epub 2008 Jul 23. PMID: 18650557; PMCID: PMC2721724.